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Posts for category: Dental Procedures

By Garner Family Dentistry
October 14, 2021
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: dental implants   crowns  

If you've decided on a dental implant to replace a missing tooth, you've made a great choice. Implants are a big favorite of both dentists and patients, not only for their life-likeness, but also their durability. Studies show that more than 95% of implants survive after ten years.

As you may know, single tooth implants are composed of two main parts: a metal post (usually titanium) imbedded in the jawbone; and a life-like crown affixed to the end of the post. But what you may not know is that there are two ways to attach the crown—either with screws or with dental cement.

Neither way is superior to the other—both have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. A cemented crown, for instance, usually looks more like a natural tooth than a screw-retained crown (more about that later) and dentists have more flexibility in making them look natural.

But cemented crowns require an additional piece of hardware called an abutment to better match it with the implant, something unnecessary with a screw-retained crown. Some people can also experience a reaction to the cement resulting in inflammation or even bone loss. And once installed, removing the crown later for repair or replacement is much more difficult than with a screw-retained crown.

Besides attaching directly to the implant, screw-retained crowns don't require cement and are more easily attached and removed. But the screw-hole can pose some aesthetic problems: Although it can be filled with a tooth-colored filling, the tooth's appearance isn't as ideal as a cemented crown.

So, which one is best for you? That will depend on the type and location of teeth being replaced, as well as your dentist's preferences. For instance, a more attractive cemented crown may be better for a visible front tooth, while a screw-retained crown might be a good choice for a back premolar or molar where appearance isn't as big a factor.

In the end, it's likely your dentist will discuss the pros and cons for each method as it pertains to your individual case. Whichever way your crown attaches, the end result will still be a life-like tooth that could last you for years to come.

If you would like more information on dental implants, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “How Crowns Attach to Implants.”

By Garner Family Dentistry
October 12, 2021
Category: Dental Procedures

Good oral hygiene should be one of the lifelong routines children practice daily. Teaching your children how to uphold proper dental hygiene as well as visiting your family dentist, Dr. Cynthia Garner of Garner Family Dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, will help you and your children fight against cavities.

Practicing Good Dental Habits

Like any routine, good oral hygiene will become second nature for your children, but it's important that they are consistently using proper techniques. Here are some tips from your family dentist in Mount Pleasant, SC, for maintaining a dental care routine:

  • Always use a soft-bristled toothbrush—cleaning your baby's gums before their teeth appear is highly recommended to remove harmful oral bacteria from feedings. Once their teeth erupt, a soft-bristled child-size toothbrush can be used with a very thin coat (about the size of a grain of rice) of toothpaste. Then in the later years, a similar toothbrush should be used but they can use a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste. You may need to continue assisting your child with brushing their teeth until they are around 6 or 7, then simply supervise.
  • Using proper technique with brushing and flossing—it's important to ensure that your child is gently brushing back and forth along the gum line, as well as across their front teeth. They should also brush the tongue and the back of the teeth to prevent plaque or calcified deposits, also known as tartar buildup. Flossing between each tooth can remove any food bits that may have been neglected while brushing.
  • Maintaining healthy eating habits—most of us know that sugar is a big villain when it comes to developing tooth decay. Sugar in moderation can be manageable as long as you brush twice a day and floss at least once.

Regular dental cleanings with your family dentist, Dr. Garner, in Mount Pleasant, SC, will further convey the importance of preventing cavities and having a lifelong oral care routine. To visit Garner Family Dentistry, schedule your next appointment by calling our office at 843-884-6002.


QB sensation Johnny Manziel has had a varied career in professional football. After playing two seasons for the NFL Cleveland Browns, he quarterbacked for a number of teams in the Canadian Football League. More recently, he joined the Zappers in the new Fan Controlled Football league (FCF). But then with only a few games under his belt, he was waylaid by an emergency dental situation.

It's unclear what the situation was, but it was serious enough to involve oral surgery. As a result, he was forced to miss the Zappers' final regular-season game. His experience is a reminder that some dental problems can't wait—you have to attend to them immediately or risk severe long-term consequences.

Manziel's recent dental problem also highlights a very important specialty of dentistry—oral surgery. Oral surgeons are uniquely trained and qualified to treat and correct a number of oral problems.

Tooth extraction. Although some teeth can be removed by a general dentist, some have complications like multiple roots or impaction that make regular extractions problematic. An oral surgeon may be needed to surgically remove these kinds of problem teeth.

Disease. Oral surgeons often intervene with diseases attacking areas involving the jaws or face. This includes serious infections that could become life-threatening if they're not promptly treated by surgical means.

Bite improvement. Some poor bites (malocclusions) arise from a mismatch in the sizes of the jaws.  An oral surgeon may be able to correct this through orthognathic surgery to reposition the jaw to the skull. This may compensate for the difference in jaw sizes and reduce the bite problem.

Implants. Dental implants are one of the best ways to replace teeth, either as a standalone tooth or as support for a fixed dental bridge or a removable denture.  In some cases, it may be better for an oral surgeon to place the implants into a patient's jawbone.

Reconstruction. Injuries or birth defects like a cleft lip or palate can alter the appearance and function of the face, jaws or mouth. An oral surgeon may be able to perform procedures that repair the damage and correct oral or facial deformities.

Sleep apnea. Obstructive sleep apnea is usually caused by the tongue relaxing against the back of the throat during sleep and blocking the airway. But other anatomical structures like tonsils or adenoids can do the same thing. An oral surgeon could address this situation by surgically altering obstructing tissues.

It's likely most of your dental care won't require the services of an oral surgeon. But when you do need surgical treatment, like Johnny Manziel, these dental specialists can make a big difference in your oral health.

If you would like more information about oral surgery, please contact us or schedule a consultation.

By Garner Family Dentistry
September 17, 2021
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: cosmetic dentistry  

When we're younger, our teeth are white. A specialist in cosmetic dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, will tell you that over time, age, lifestyle habits, consistently drinking certain beverages, dental hygiene, genetics, and other issues play into our teeth becoming stained. Dr. Cynthia Garner of Garner Family Dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, understands the different methods a person can employ to prevent teeth staining.

Causes of Teeth Staining

Staining is a common problem for many people. Some people are predisposed through genetics to have less than white teeth, especially as they age, more than others. Their genetics means that no matter how careful they are with their teeth, the teeth won't remain white without getting their teeth whitened. For everyone else, there are three leading causes of stains on teeth: food, drinks, and tobacco use.

Food: These types of stains typically come from eating dark-colored foods such as berries, coffee beans, and tea leaves which contain natural dye pigments. Eat these foods often enough, and it can't help but start to seep into the top layers of the enamel slowly.

Drinks: Coffee and tea are the main culprits for beverages. Grape juice also makes the list. As the liquid gets darker, the chances of it causing stains increases. Occasionally drinking these beverages won't cause staining but drinking large amounts over a long period will.

Smoking: The tar and other chemicals from cigarettes, vaping, chewing, and cigars come through the item in your mouth. These chemicals and tar mix with the saliva, and it starts to seep into the edges of your enamel.

Methods to Prevent Teeth Staining

There are several ways of preventing your teeth from staining. If you can, avoid the darker foods and drinks that are known to stain. If you love these foods and beverages, then brush and floss each time you finish eating or drinking. You can also try drinking the beverages through a straw where the straw forces the liquid to the side of your mouth or back or tongue. Avoid smoking, vaping, and chewing tobacco. Use at-home teeth whitening strips as directed on the box to help remove stains as you begin to notice them. You can also contact a specialist in cosmetic dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, such as those found at Garner Family Dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, for help.

When you're seeking cosmetic dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, contact Dr. Garner of Garner Family Dentistry in Mount Pleasant, SC, at 843-884-6002 today for an appointment!

By Garner Family Dentistry
September 04, 2021
Category: Dental Procedures
Tags: dental implants  

Losing teeth can make it more difficult to eat, not to mention the effect it can have on your smile. But that could be just the beginning of your problems. Missing teeth can contribute to extensive bone loss within your jaws and face. Here's why.

Bone is like any other living tissue—cells develop, function and eventually die, and new cells take their place. Forces generated during chewing stimulate this new growth, helping the jawbone maintain its normal volume and density.

But you lose this stimulus when you lose teeth. This can cause a slowdown in bone cell regrowth that can eventually diminish bone volume. And it can happen relatively quickly: you could lose a quarter or more of jawbone width around a missing tooth within a year.

As this loss continues, especially in cases of multiple missing teeth, the bone can eventually erode to its base level. This loss of dental function can make chewing more difficult, place more pressure on the remaining teeth and adversely affect facial appearance. It could also prevent an implant restoration to replace missing teeth.

Dentures and other forms of dental restoration can replace missing teeth, but not the chewing stimulus. Dentures in particular will accelerate bone loss, because they can irritate the bony gum ridges they rest upon.

Dental implants, on the other hand, can slow or even stop bone loss. Implants consist of a metal post, typically made of titanium, imbedded into the jawbone at the site of the missing tooth with a life-like crown attached. Titanium also has a strong affinity with bone so that bone cells naturally grow and adhere to the implant's surface. This can produce enough growth to slow, stop or even reverse bone loss.

This effect may also work when implants are combined with other restorations, including dentures. These enhanced dentures no longer rest on the gums, but connect to implants. This adds support and takes the pressure off of the bony ridge, as well as contributes to better bone health.

If you've lost a tooth, it's important to either replace it promptly or have a bone graft installed to help forestall any bone loss in the interim. And when it's time to replace those missing teeth, dental implants could provide you not only a life-like solution, but a way to protect your bone health.

If you would like more information on dental implants, please contact us or schedule an appointment for a consultation. You can also learn more about this topic by reading the Dear Doctor magazine article “The Hidden Consequences of Losing Teeth.”